Survival

12 Wildlife Survival Myths Dangerous to Believe

Survival in the wild is tricky. But don’t try to imitate John Rambo and Lara Croft, otherwise it could cost you your life. Do not try to imitate John Rambo and Lara Croft, otherwise it could cost you your life.

1. To find a source of water, you have to go after the birds.

This is partly logical: birds need to drink, they flock to water sources. Therefore, if you also need to replenish stocks, then you should be guided by the thirsty birds. At least in cartoons, it works.

Sometimes birds really are sent to the water, but more often not. They may have other goals as well. So relying on their help to navigate is like determining the cardinal points by moss, which, whatever sounds in popular misconceptions, can grow anywhere.

2. If something sharp is stuck into the body, remove it immediately.

When an arrow is stuck into the hero of a Hollywood film, or he falls unsuccessfully on a sharp branch, or is pierced by some other sharp object, the first thing the character tries to do is to pull the object out of the wound. And then he goes on about his business, limping picturesquely and clutching the hole in the side with his palm.

Remember Lara Croft from the 2018 film adaptation of Tomb Raider: she raked her side with a splinter, grimaced, gritted her teeth, pulled out a foreign body, screamed and walked. This is a woman!

An object that has inflicted a wound and is stuck in it stops the bleeding like a cork. It is extremely difficult to pull it out yourself, recommended… Better to wrap the object in the wound around the edges of the wound so that it remains motionless, and rush to the hospital.

3. To survive in quicksand, you have to freeze.

If you are caught in quicksand, stop moving to stop the dive. And if you start floundering, you will simply drown.

This is not true. It is completely impossible to drown in quicksand – you will dive to a maximum of your waist, which, by the way, we have already written about. This, of course, is also dangerous, because a stuck person will become an easy prey for dangerous animals or die of thirst.

To stopthis, it is necessary to increase the area of ​​contact with the sand. Take off your backpack and other weights, lie on your back, gradually free your legs. Then you can roll over onto your stomach and crawl out of the danger zone.

4. Snow is great for quenching your thirst.

In general, there is some sense in this, because snow is frozen water. However, they will not be able to quench their thirst normally. First, the snow consists from water only by 5-10%, the rest is air.

That is why snowflakes have a low density and fall more slowly than raindrops. To get drunk, you have to eat a lot of snow. But here the second problem awaits you.

The snow is cold. If you don’t believe it, touch it. True, for this you have to go to the mountains or wait for winter. By eating it, you cool your body, you can catch a cold and increase the risk of freezing.

However, in the absence of another liquid can melt in a bowl, boil (this is mandatory), cool and then drink. It takes longer than just a handful of it, but it’s safer.

And certainly, under no circumstances should you eat colored snow. Especially yellow. By the way, about this…

5. And instead of drinking, your own urine will do.

Climber Aaron Ralston once fell into a crevice, got stuck and spent 127 hours there. Thirsty, he drank his own urine. As a result, in order to survive, he amputated his arm, escaped from the trap and returned to the people. By the way, they even made a film about this.

By composition urine looks liketo sea water: it is full of sodium and chloride, its use will lead to dehydration. That is, to a result that is exactly the opposite of the desired one.

Drinking urine puts more stress on your kidneys, lowers blood pressure, and puts you at risk of infection. Finally, nausea does not help survival, and if you vomit, you will lose even more fluids.

6. It is enough to go forward to get somewhere

Some people think that in order to get to the destination, it is enough to know only the direction of walking. Landmarks, route, trails, roads? Who needs all this.

You can simply ask which way to go, and after a few hours of persistent movement of your legs, you will be in the camp. But this is how travel works only in movies and computer games, where you can simply press the “Forward” button and sit down to drink tea.

In reality, however, it is necessary at least once an hour to check and clarify the direction of your movement, referring to a map, compass, stars, the Sun or in any other accessible way.

Because humans have a dominant leg, they inclinedin the absence of landmarks, it is imperceptible to shift the motion vector – degree by degree. As a result, you can seriously deviate from the course. Moreover, it is not necessary to wander in the forest: you can go astray in an open field, where the whole area is visible for kilometers around.

By wordsPsychologist Robert Klacki of Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh, travelers often begin to zip and walk in circles in cloudy weather. When the sun and the shadows cast by it are not visible, our brain is lost and we unnoticeably turn out of the way.

7. On a desert island, you can survive on coconut water.

Coconuts are a traditional source of drinking in the desert islands, which is shown in films and in cartoons. And you might get the impression that even if there is no fresh water on the island, you can comfortably exist there thanks to these fruits.

But coconut water has a diuretic effect. Eating too much of it alsocausesdiarrhea. This in turn leads to dehydration.

In addition, if you drink a lot of coconut water, there is some risk of developing an excess of potassium in the blood and acute kidney failure. Although not enough has been done yet research
to say for sure.

In general, in small doses, the contents of coconuts are tasty and healthy, but they cannot be replaced with drinking water.

8. Wounds should be washed with urine or cauterized.

Since ancient times, urine has been used by humanity in incredibly original, but no less disgusting ways. Ancient Romans washed in her clothes and rinsed her mouth with it.

Medieval scientists used urine (and horoscope) to determine the future of the subject. And the craving for washing wounds with this liquid appeared, most likely, in antiquity. Pliny the Elder recommended urine for the treatment of “ulcers, burns, cracks in the anus, abrasions, and scorpion bites.”

The idea that, in the absence of clean water, damaged areas should be treated with urine is widespread to this day – because it is supposedly sterile. But this method of traditional medicine has no evidence.

On the contrary, not recommended to clean wounds with urine, because it contains harmful bacteria that can cause infection, and sodium salts that interfere with healing.

In addition, you cannot cauterize wounds with a red-hot iron, or even more so with an explosion of gunpowder (yeah, as in “Rambo-3”). The idea is that you are supposedly destroying pathogenic bacteria in the wound with a high temperature.

But in practice, combustion increases the risk of sepsis, creating favorable conditions for the development of infection. After all, it is impossible to burn out infected tissues without damaging healthy ones.

Back in the 16th century, the French surgeon Ambrose Paré noticed that wounded soldiers who escaped the “cure” with hot metal or boiling oil survive more often than those who are properly cared for by the good doctors.

9. And also apply plantain to them.

In fact, plantain is a really healthy thing. Researchconfirm
that it contains substances that reduce pain and increase the speed of wound recovery. Another thing is that in laboratory conditions, a purified and sterile plantain extract was used, and even in combination with aloe vera.

And if you stick on a broken knee a leaf torn from the side of the road, moistened with your own saliva, then, rather, you will bring harmful substances and microbes from its surface into the wound, and not medicinal components. The plantain must be rinsed thoroughly, then chopped or crushed to produce juice. And only then attach to the wound and fix.

Naturally, this should be done only when there are no more effective means for treating damage at hand .

10. Water must be boiled for at least 10 minutes.

Some tourists believe that to purify water from a stream or river from potential microbes, you need to boil it for 10, 15, or even 20 minutes. But this is not the case.

United States Environmental Protection Agency recommends boil water for 1 minute if you are on the plain. And 3 minutes – if you are in the mountains at an altitude of more than a kilometer. This is because the boiling point of water changes with atmospheric pressure.

There is another myth: if the water in the source flows quickly, then it can be drunk absolutely calmly without any treatment. This is not so: you do not know what may be lying in the river upstream. Soboil you need water even from the cleanest Alpine streams.

11. Matches are the best way to light fires.

In general, matches are a useful thing on a hike, but they have a lot of disadvantages. First, they easily damp and ultimately become completely useless. Secondly, it becomes rather difficult to set something on fire with them during rain or strong wind. And all kinds of hunting matches have a higher price and shelf life restrictions.

They light up more easily, and are not particularly afraid of moisture, and at the same time are very cheap. Of course, nothing prevents you from having matches with you, but the lighter is easier to use. True, there is a drawback: at very low temperatures, it may not work. However, gasoline lighters are free from this drawback.

As far as flint is concerned, it is an extremely effective item in the right hands. And just as useless if you don’t know how to handle it. It is not easy to light a fire with it, especially in wet weather.

12. Meat and fish can be eaten raw if you are hungry

 

Ronald

I'm writing about the world, sports, relationships, and advice that are needed to survive. I dive into scientific research and meta-analysis with PubMed so that readers get only verified information. You can join us if you want and share your talents, knowledge, and hard work with others.

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