The 7 wonders of the ancient and modern world

7 is the mystical number par excellence. Numerous cultures and traditions consider that it is the number of perfection and, therefore, in addition to being a magic number, it is also a full number. For this reason, a list of the seven wonders of the world was made, through which the feats of man are recognized when it comes to building authentic works of art, endowed with great beauty that has caused the fascination of humanity throughout the ages. years.

There are two lists: the 7 wonders of the ancient world and the 7 wonders of the modern world. Although the seven wonders of the ancient world were selected in the 16th century by various authors, the list of the seven wonders of the modern world does not appear until 2007, when the New Open World Corporation published the winners. Do you want to know what they are? Keep reading this DolBoard article to learn about the 7 wonders of the ancient and modern world.

What are the 7 wonders of the ancient world

Great Pyramid of Giza

To speak of the 7 wonders of the ancient and modern world is to speak of the Great Pyramid of Giza. Commissioned by Emperor Cheops during the fourth dynasty of ancient Egypt, this pyramid has been considered the tallest building in the world for 3,800 years, with a height of 138 meters. Its construction is believed to have been completed around 2570 BC and it can still be visited today in the city of Giza, Egypt.

Hanging Gardens of Babylon

In the disappeared city of Babylon, present-day Iraq, were the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, one of the seven wonders of the ancient world. It is believed that they were built in the 6th century BC and, although it is thought that they were not literally what we know today as hanging gardens, they were spectacular terraces full of charming, secrecy and romantic plants.

Temple of Artemis in Ephesus

In the city of Ephesus, Turkey was one of the most spectacular temples of the ancient world: The Temple of Artemis. Its construction dates from between 575 and 560 BC and was started by King Croesus of Lydia, although it lasted more than 120 years. It is a uniquely beautiful temple dedicated to the goddess Artemis, also known as Diana by the Romans. The temple was intentionally burned in 350 BC by Herostratus, a shepherd who wanted to carve out a place for himself in the pages of history.

Statue of Zeus at Olympia

The Statue of Zeus in Olympia, Greece, was a true jewel of ancient sculpture. This piece was created by Phidias in the year 432 BC, molded-in marble had parts of ivory, gold, and precious stones. Legend has it that Caligula, the third Roman emperor, upon learning of the existence of this statue, sent his army to cut off its head and thus replace it with his own. However, when they arrived, the thunderous laughter of Zeus was heard and they left terrified, without finishing their mission.

The Statue of Zeus was destroyed in the year 475 when a fire devastated it.

Mausoleum at Halicarnassus

Around the year 350 BC, in Halicarnassus, present-day Bodrum (Turkey), a funerary monument was built in honor of Mausolus, ruler of the Persian Empire. The word mausoleum comes from this beautiful construction, which was 46 meters high and had impressive sculptural reliefs.

The Halicarnassus Mausoleum collapsed in 1404 due to an earthquake, after withstanding numerous invasions, such as that of Alexander the Great, that of the barbarians, or that of the Arabs. Today some of his pieces can be seen in the British Museum in London.

Colossus of Rhodes

In the year 292 BC, in the town of Rhodes, a monumental statue of the god Helios was built named The Colossus. Although it collapsed in 226 BC due to an earthquake, it is one of the most famous representations of the city. It is believed that it was located at the entrance to the port where Helios had one foot on each side, although some experts believe that if it were so it would have sunk due to its weight, so it is thought that it was located elsewhere.

The huge statue was made of bronze and although it fell after the earthquake, the inhabitants of Rhodes left it in the city until the year 654 AD, when the Muslims took it as spoils of war. The Colossus of Rhodes is, without a doubt, one of the seven wonders of the ancient world due to its spectacular size, similar to that of the Statue of Liberty.

Lighthouse of Alejandria

The last of the 7 wonders of the ancient world is the Lighthouse of Alexandria. The construction dates back to 285 BC, approximately, and was built on the island of Faro, in Alexandria (Egypt). In addition to being a very beautiful construction, its main mission was to provide reference light for navigators. But if the Lighthouse of Alexandria stood out for something, it is because the light from its bonfire could be seen up to 50 km away.

The building stood the test of time until two earthquakes (in 1303 and 1323) left it in ruins.

What are the 7 wonders of the modern world

Macchu Picchu

Among the 7 wonders of the modern world, it is worth highlighting the pearl of Peru: Machu Picchu. It is believed that the city was built before the fifteenth century and that it was the residence of an Inca governor, although it has certain constructions that could have been built earlier, giving the vestige a religious character.

Its ruins are located about 100 km from Cuzco, where the landscape of the valley and the mountains have made it a magical and unique place in the world.

Chichen Itza

Another of the seven wonders of the modern world is hidden in the Mesoamerican zone: Chichen Itzá. Among its archaeological remains, dating from between 800 and 1,100 AD, is the famous temple of Kukulkan, one of the most visited in Yucatan, Mexico.

In “the city on the edge of the Well of the Itzáes” – a literal translation of Chichen Itzá – you can still visit the sacred cenote, where human sacrifices were made to ball games and other temples such as that of Venus or that of the Jaguar. In addition, structures of houses and platforms are still maintained in the city.

Rome Coliseum

Among the seven wonders of the modern world, the spectacular Colosseum in Rome stands out. Built between the years 72 and 80 ADthis monument has resisted looting to earthquakes and, although its structure has been somewhat damaged, today it is one of the main attractions of the city of Rome.

After its construction, this amphitheater was used to carry out the famous gladiator fights, the star show of the Roman Empire, but they also carried out from theatrical performances to executions. The Colosseum in Rome maintained its activity until the 6th century, where it was used first by the Romans and, after the fall of the Empire, by the Byzantines.

Christ the Redeemer statue

38 meters high is the statue of Christ the Redeemer, located 71 meters above sea level on the Corcovado hill, in Rio de Janeiro. It is one of the largest art deco works in the world and can be seen from anywhere in the city. It was inaugurated in October 1931 and, to this day, it has earned the title of the 7 wonders of the modern world.

The Great Wall of China

Another of the wonders of the world is the Great Wall of China, a spectacular 21,200 km long construction. Its construction began in the 5th century BC and had numerous periods of construction and reconstruction led by various dynasties. Today, 30% of the structure is preserved, stretching from Korea to the Gobi desert in northern China.


Petra is a real gem located in Jordan. This city was founded in the 8th century BC by the Edomites and was later occupied by many other peoples until it became part of the country of Jordan today. Located near the Great Rift Valley, Petra stands out for preserving one of its most famous buildings: the Al Khazneh (The Treasury).

Although several earthquakes have damaged some of its buildings, there are still spectacular constructions that can be visited today, such as the amphitheater or the monastery.

Taj Mahal

The Taj Mahal is an incredible construction that stands out both for its architecture and its history. It was the funerary complex that Shah Jahan, Mongol Emperor of India, asked to erect in honor of his favorite wife (the fourth), Mumtaz Mahal after she died in childbirth of his fourteenth child.

The Taj Mahal combines Islamic, Persian, Indian, and Turkish elements and features many splendid handicrafts. It can be visited in the city of Agra, India.

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